Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL)

1999 Australian and New Zealand Academic library statistics
Updated 20 February, 2001


Contents
Introduction
Reporting Structure
Data Collection
Statistical tables and data
Australian and New Zealand academic libraries listed by state
Australian Consumer Price Index: Weighted Average of Eight Capital Cities
Exchange Rates of Foreign Currency per Australian Dollar
Rankings of total library systems for selected ratios
General Comments and explanatory notes
    Australian Academic Libraries
    New Zealand University Libraries
Amendments to 1998 statistics
Amendments to 1997 statistics
Amendments to 1996 statistics
Amendments to 1995 statistics
Amendments to 1994 statistics
Amendments to 1993 statistics

Introduction

The Australian and New Zealand academic library statistics are collected and published annually for CAUL (Council of Australian University Librarians). CAUL has engaged CAVAL (Cooperative Action by Victorian Academic Libraries) to collect and compile the statistics.

The CAUL Statistics Focus Group, consisting of the CAUL Executive Officer, the CAVAL Information Services Manager and representatives from several Australian academic libraries, met in October 1999, February and March 2000 to review the statistics collection. A survey and a trial collection of statistics relating to electronic data sources was undertaken in January 2000. Following this the Group made a number of recommendations, which were subsequently endorsed by CAUL and then incorporated into the collection of the 1999 statistics.

Reporting Structure

The 1999 statistics include 47 entries which cover 40 Australian and 7 New Zealand academic library systems.

As CAUL requested that data be supplied for each institution as a whole no breakdown by branch or campus library is available.

Data Collection

Following on from past successful use of electronic mail for the collection of the data, this method was used again for the collection of the 1999 data. The Excel spreadsheet was updated to incorporate the changes to the definitions and to improve clarity, and distributed by electronic mail to all participating libraries. Each library entered its data directly into the spreadsheet and returned it to CAVAL by electronic mail. The data was then merged and the tables in this publication were printed directly from the Excel spreadsheet.

Modifications to the 1999 data collection, as compared to 1998, were as follows

Statistical tables and data

The statistical tables provided in this publication are shown in the same format as for 1998. Although there have been changes to the data collected as described above, the column numbers used for 1995 onwards have been retained. The arrangement of data within the tables follows the same pattern as in previous years as much as possible.

The following columns are not shown in the 1999 tables, as the columns are either no longer used, or the supply of data for them was optional -

Column 1A - Floor space optional
Columns 11A-11K staff listed by HEW level - optional
Column 12 - no longer used
Column 13 - no longer used
Column 14 - total number of loans - optional
Column 15 - number of reserve collection loans optional
Column 21A - Inter-campus/Branch loans optional
Column 26 - non-serial titles acquired by purchase - optional
Column 27 - non-serial titles acquired by gift or exchange - optional
Column 28 - non-serial titles withdrawn during the year - optional
Column 29 - total non-serial titles - optional
Column 30 - number of bibliographic volumes added - optional
Column 30A - number of print and non-print bibliographic volumes added - optional
Column 30B - number of electronic bibliographic volumes added - optional
Column 31 - number of bibliographic volumes withdrawn- optional
Column 31A-number of print and non-print bibliographic volumes withdrawn- optional
Column 31B - number of electronic bibliographic volumes withdrawn- optional
Column 32 - number of bound volumes added - optional
Column 33 - number of bound volumes withdrawn - optional
Column 34 - total non-serial volumes - optional
Column 41C - shelving (linear metres) optional
Column 42 - no longer used
Column 43 - no longer used
Column 46 - no longer used
Column 47 - no longer used
Column 51A - extraordinary expenditure optional
Column 65A - other users (persons) optional
Column 67A - turnstiles optional

The following columns are not included in this printed report. Although the supply of data for them was compulsory for 1999, initial analysis of this data by the CAUL Statistics Focus Group detected a number of inconsistencies requiring further clarification. Once this has been addressed, the revised data for these columns will be available from the CAUL statistics web page (http://www.caul.edu.au/stats/).

Column 35 - new serial titles
Column 35A - new print and non-print serial titles
Column 35B - new electronic serial titles
Column 36 - current serial titles by paid subscription
Column 36A - current print and non-print serial titles by paid subscription
Column 36B - current electronic serial titles by paid subscription
Column 37 - current serial titles by gift, exchange or gratis
Column 37A - current print and non-print serial titles by gift, exchange or gratis
Column 37B - current electronic serial titles by gift, exchange or gratis
Column 38 - total number of unique current serial titles
Column 38A - current print and non-print unique current serial titles
Column 38B - current electronic unique current serial titles
Column 39 - total number of duplicate current serial titles
Column 39A - current print and non-print duplicate serial titles
Column 39B - current electronic duplicate serial titles
Column 40 - number of serial titles actively cancelled
Column 40A - actively cancelled print and non-print serial titles
Column 40B - actively cancelled electronic titles
Column 41 - total current serial titles
Column 41A - current print and non-print serial titles
Column 41B - current electronic serial titles

The entries in the main statistical tables for the Australian libraries have been arranged alphabetically within states, followed by the data for the New Zealand libraries. The only exception is the Australian Catholic University which is listed ahead of the other institutions.

The reference date is 31 December 1999, with the exception of data relating to institutional populations (columns 52-67) which is as at 31 March 1999 for the Australian Universities and 1 July 1999 for the New Zealand Libraries and other specific exceptions listed under 'General Comments and Explanatory Notes'.

Population data (columns 52-67) was supplied by DETYA (Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs) for all Commonwealth government funded higher education institutions in Australia. The only exception was RMIT University which supplied population figures which include both higher education and vocational education and training staff and students, reflecting the high level of integration of teaching and support at this University.

Population data for the New Zealand universities and private institutions was supplied by the institution concerned.

Data which is an estimate only is shown in italics.

The symbol NA indicates that data was not provided as the information, though applicable, was NOT AVAILABLE. A BLANK entry indicates that the item in question is NOT APPLICABLE to that library.

Six rows of statistical information for Australian libraries have been added to the main tables. These rows show the TOTAL, the MEDIAN, the MEAN, the LOWER QUARTILE (25%), the UPPER QUARTILE (75%) and the VALID NO. of libraries used for the statistical calculations for each column. Statistics are not shown for those columns where the number of valid libraries is less than 25.

Two tables ranking the total library systems according to criteria selected by CAUL are included. These tables, headed 'Rankings of total library systems for selected ratios' show the same ratios published for the 1998 data. For each ratio the MEAN, MEDIUM, LOWER QUARTILE (25%), UPPER QUARTILE (75%) and the VALID NO. of libraries used to calculate that column are included. As noted in previous reports, interpretive comparisons of these statistics should always be made with caution.

Several amendments to the 1998, 1997 and 1996 statistics are included in this report. Please note that the statistical database maintained by CAVAL is updated whenever a notification of a correction is received. Excel spreadsheets containing the statistical data from 1991 to 1999 are available for downloading from the CAUL Web pages (http://www.caul.edu.au/stats/). The data from earlier years is being progressively converted into this format and will be made available in the same way.

This is the eighth year that CAVAL has collected and compiled these statistics. Thanks are due to all the participating academic librarians for their cooperation and their timely responses to this year's electronic data collection.

Cathie Jilovsky
Information Services Manager, CAVAL Limited


Australian and New Zealand academic libraries listed by state

Australian Catholic University *

Australian Capital Territory
Australian Defence Force Academy (University of NSW)
Australian National University **
University of Canberra

New South Wales
Avondale College
Charles Sturt University
Macquarie University
Southern Cross University
University of New England
University of New South Wales ***
University of Newcastle
University of Sydney #
University of Technology, Sydney
University of Western Sydney
University of Wollongong

Northern Territory
Northern Territory University

Queensland
Bond University
Central Queensland University
Griffith University
James Cook University
Queensland University of Technology
University of Southern Queensland
University of Queensland
University of the Sunshine Coast

South Australia
Flinders University of South Australia
University of Adelaide
University of South Australia

Tasmania
University of Tasmania

Victoria
Deakin University
La Trobe University
Monash University
RMIT University
Swinburne University of Technology ##
University of Ballarat
University of Melbourne
Victoria University of Technology ###

Western Australia
Curtin University of Technology
Edith Cowan University
Murdoch University
University of Western Australia

New Zealand
Lincoln University
Massey University
University of Auckland
University of Canterbury
University of Otago =
University of Waikato
Victoria University of Wellington

* The Australian Catholic University comprises four divisions. These four divisions are in turn composed of the following libraries:
Canberra Divison - Signadou campus
New South Wales Divison - MacKillop campus and Mount St Mary campus
Queensland Division - McAuley campus
Victorian Division - Aquinas campus; Christ campus and Mercy campus.

** Includes the Institute of the Arts which is part of the Australian National University.

*** Includes the College of Fine Arts Library. However this library operates independently of the University of New South Wales Library.

# Includes all libraries in the University of Sydney Library system plus the Sydney Conservatorium of Music Library.

## From 1999 Swinburne University of Technology return includes data for extra campuses at Croydon, Wantirna and Lilydale.

### Victoria University of Technology merged with the Western Melbourne Institute of TAFE in 1998. The 1999 data includes WMIT.

=The University of Otago return shows data for the Dunedin campus ONLY. A complete data set for the Wellington and Christchurch Clinical School libraries is not available, and these libraries are not under the control of the University Librarian.


Australian Consumer Price Index: Weighted Average of Eight Capital Cities
(Base Year: 1989-90 = 100)
Year ending 30 June
All Groups
1993
109.3
1994
111.2
1995
116.2
1996
119.8
1997
120.2
1998
121.02
1999
122.03

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics Catalogue Number 6401.0, Table 1, Australian Consumer Price Index, March, 2000, p.5

Exchange Rates of Foreign Currency per Australian Dollar
 

Year ending
30 June
Japan
U.K
U.S.A.
European Union
Germany
Trade-weighted
rate of Aust $ 
 
Yen
Pounds
Dollars
Euros
Marks
Index
1993
71.54
0.4453
0.6722
 
1.137
49.5
1994
72.20
0.4721
0.7291
 
1.159
53.0
1995
60.08
0.4452
0.7086
 
0.9814
48.4
1996
86.48
0.5099
0.7890
 
1.2002
58.1
1997
85.20
0.4482
0.7455
 
1.2946
56.7
1998
86.16
0.3681
0.6135
 
1.1096
57.9
1999
79.66
0.4188
0.6596
0.6282
1.2286
53.3

Source: Australian Economic Indicators Catalogue Number 1350.0, Table 8.6, July, 2000, p. 111
Base : May 1970 = 100.0, Reserve Bank of Australia Bulletin (RBA).

Rankings of total library systems for selected ratios

These are shown on the following four pages.
Notes:

(i) Forty total library systems have been used.
(ii) Column numbers used for the various ratios are:
Seats per 100 population members: Columns (3+4+5) to column 67

Library staff per 100 population members: Column 11 to Column 67

Non-serial volumes purchased per population member: Column 22 to Column 67

Serials Titles per population member: Column 38 to Column 67

Serials expenditure per population member: Column 45 to Column 67

Acquisitions expenditure per population member: Columns (44+45) to Column 67

Percentage expenditure on Information Resources: Columns(44+45+48) to Column 51 (%)

Percentage expenditure on Salaries: Column 50 to Column 51 (%)

Salaries expenditure per population member: Column 50 to Column 67

Total Expenditure per population member: Column 51 to Column 67


General Comments and explanatory notes

Australian Academic Libraries
 

Column University Notes
1-67 Swinburne University of Technology  Combined Higher Ed and TAFE data, as it is impossible to untangle the collections and expenditures.
1-67 University of Ballarat Unable to exclude TAFE data, as it is too difficult to divide data between TAFE and Higher Ed.
15 University of Technology, Sydney Includes Electronic Reserve access figures The figures represent printing or viewing of a document in Electronic Reserve. With the implementation of Electronic Reserve service, the loans figures for the print records in Closed Reserve have gone down significantly, while Electronic Reserve figures continue to rise.
25 University of Queensland December 1999 stockcount value
30B James Cook University  Could not determine a count of electronic bibliographic volumes.
30B University of Queensland December 1999 stockcount value.
34 University of Queensland December 1999 stockcount value.
35B James Cook University  It is not practical to maintain a record of duplication between aggregations such as ABI Inform Global and the print collection. But where known, eg IDEAL, duplication has been accounted for.
35B University of Ballarat  EBSCOHost titles.
40B James Cook University Cancelled Business International on InfoTrac(614 electronic titles) in favour of other aggregations.
41,41B James Cook University Seriously inflate the real value of serial resources. Many titles in some of the aggregations are of extremely marginal value to James Cook University, and would never be considered for purchase. They just happen to come with the ones that we really want.
52-55 University of Sunshine Coast  DETYA was unable to supply staff data, as the legislation confirming the split from the Queensland University of Technology was not passed until after the census date.
52-55 RMIT Population data supplied by the institution, which includes TAFE staff and students.
67A University of Ballarat  Mt Helen Campus (Higher Education) only.

New Zealand University Libraries
The New Zealand statistics follow the Australian format as closely as possible. Variations are described in these notes. Figures are calculated as at 31 December 1999 except for population (columns 52-67) where the relevant date is 1 July 1999.
 

Column University Notes
8 Massey University Revised to include casual staff
25 University of Otago  Total figure excludes archives and manuscripts, which are measured in linear metres.
35B,37B  Lincoln University Includes titles, freely available on the Web that Lincoln University has selected for subject listings on its own Web pages.
36-38B University of Waikato The electronic full-text journals hugely inflate the figures, particularly in services such as LEXIS(estimated 12,600 titles), NEXIS (900), WestLaw (10,363) and Reuters (4000).
39-39B  Lincoln University Ignored duplicate titles across different full text services eg ABI & SSO & EA and with our print collection.
45 Victoria University of Wellington Consists of Serials, document delivery, online subscriptions.
48 Massey University Figures included in serials subscriptions.
48 University of Canterbury Credit amount - after taking off expenses (e.g. purchase of materials) the Bindery makes a small profit
56 Massey University Revised, using same methodology as in previous years - for consistency.


Amendments to 1998 statistics
 
University of Melbourne
Col. 22 should read
54375
  Col. 38 Should read
13573
Col. 25 should read
2299633
  Col. 39 Should read
NA
Col. 27 should read
8000
  Col. 40 Should read
2151
Col. 29 should read
2258099
  Col. 41 Should read
13573
Col. 36 should read
9771
University of Otago 
Col. 2 should read
99.50
  Col. 15 should read
327,428
Col. 14 should read
279,962
  Col. 32 should read
6965
Southern Cross University 
Col.2 should read
70.00
       

Amendments to 1997 statistics
 

University of Melbourne 
Col. 22 should read
60226
  Col. 28 should read
35000
Col. 24 should read
48805
Col. 29 should read
2226683
Col. 25 should read
2252094
  Col. 36 should read
11922
Col. 26 should read
45274
  Col. 37 should read
4377
Col. 27 should read
10000
       
 
Lincoln University 
Col. 22 should read
4162
  Col. 25 should read
66769
Col. 26 should read
3699
  Col. 29 should read
61561
University of Otago
Col. 28 should read
10231
       

Amendments to 1996 statistics
 

University of Melbourne (VU)
Col. 22 should read
52716
  Col. 36 should read
11980
Col. 25 should read
2230422
  Col. 37 should read
4613
Col. 26  should read
38496
  Col. 38 should read
16593
Col. 28 should read
2000
  Col. 41 should read
16593
Col. 29 should read
2206409
       
Col. 32 should read
7840
       
University of Otago (ZDU)
Col. 50 should read
$4,579,088
       

Amendments to 1995 statistics
 

University of Melbourne (VU)
Col. 22  should read
57150
  Col. 36 should read
9947
Col. 25 should read
2172105
  Col. 37 should read
6601
Col. 26 should read
51827
  Col. 38 should read
16548
Col. 28  should read
3000
  Col. 40 should read
763
Col. 29 should read
2160788
  Col. 42 should read
12803
Col. 32 should read
8031
  Col. 43 should read
11132

Amendments to 1994 statistics
 

University of Melbourne (VU)
Col. 21 should read
49814
  Col. 34 should read
298
Col. 24 should read
2111792
  Col. 35 should read
10425
Col. 25 should read
44975
  Col. 37 should read
17463
Col. 28 should read
2105475
  Col. 39 should read
586
Col. 31 should read
7062
  Col. 40 should read
17463
Col. 33 should read
663184
       

Amendments to 1993 statistics
 

University of Melbourne (VU)
Col. 24 should read
46865
  Col. 34 should read
10178
Col. 25 should read
9210
  Col. 36 should read
656122
Col. 26 should read
594
  Col. 37 should read
425
Col. 27 should read
2069954
  Col. 38 should read
10240
Col. 28 should read
43959
  Col. 40 should read
17121
Col. 29 should read
7427
  Col. 42 should read
1158
Col. 30 should read
328
  Col. 43 should read
17121
Col. 31  should read
2051379
       

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